Talents and gifts are not personal attributes, but attributions made by scientists. These are based on our assumption that a person is in the position to carry out specific actions in the future.
Ziegler considers giftedness as a characteristic which changes over time within a environmental context and is the result of various interactions between the individual and the environment.
Gifted behaviour is shown, when a person has a wish to do something, the ability to do it and has the awareness that it can be done, and when the environment considers this behaviour as gifted. To attain the action repertoire needed for progressingly more excellence years of systematic training are needed. The reaction of the environment in interaction with the determinants in a person have an important influence on the person's perception of the subjective action space.
Because the actions of a person change the environment, the actions needed to be considered as talented, gifted or showing excellence change with the progression of time.
The main elements of the model are:
Ziegler, Albert: The Actiotope Model of Giftedness (PDF, 218 Kb)
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Giger, April 2006 (Update: 21-12-2007)